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Selasa, 05 Jul 2022 16:26 WIB

Foto Health

Ini Kepiting Tapal Kuda, Hewan Unik Penguji Vaksin Covid-19

Bastien Inzaurralde/AFP/Getty Images - detikHealth

Kepiting tapal kuda punya peran penting dalam proses pembuatan vaksin Covid-19. Kepiting itu memiliki darah biru yang bermanfaat untuk menguji vaksin tersebut.

Glenn Gauvry, president of the Ecological Research & Development Group, a nonprofit advocating for the conservation of horseshoe crabs, holds a horseshoe crab at Pickering Beach, Delaware, on June 17, 2022. - On a bright moonlit night, a team of scientists and volunteers head out to a protected beach along the Delaware Bay to survey horseshoe crabs. If youve ever had a vaccine in your life, you have these weird sea animals to thank: their bright blue blood, which clots in the presence of harmful bacterial components called endotoxins, has been essential for testing the safety of biomedical products since the 1970s, when it replaced rabbit testing. (Photo by Bastien INZAURRALDE / AFP) (Photo by BASTIEN INZAURRALDE/AFP via Getty Images) Menurut beberapa penelitian, darah tapal kuda ini mengandung zat pembekuan khusus yang disebut Limulus Amebocyte Lysate (LAL). LAL memainkan peran penting dalam menentukan apakah vaksin atau alat medis baru aman dari kontaminasi bakteri. Karenanya darah biru dari kepiting ini menjadi kunci atau salah satu bahan utama dalam pembuatan vaksin Covid-19.
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