Kamis, 27 Feb 2020 17:46 WIB

Mengenal Virus H1N1, Penyebab Kematian Suspek Virus Corona di RS Kariadi

Firdaus Anwar - detikHealth
Virus H1N1, Responsible For The Deadly Pandemy Of Spanish Flu In 1918 Colorized Tem. Succeded In Rebuilding This Virus From An Avian Influenza Transmissible Between Human Beings. His Study Will Permit To Understand Better The Modes Of Transmission Of The Virus H5N1 Of The Current Avian Influenza Virus. Spanish Flu Virus, As All Influenza A Viruses, Is A Pleiomorphic Virus, Which Means That It Can Present Under Different Forms According To The Conditions. The Virus H1N1 Can Present Under A Spherical Or Filamentous Aspect. Spanish Flu Virus H1N1 > Influenzavirus A > Influenzavirus > Orthomyxoviridae > Rna Virus > Virus. This Transmission Electron Micrograph Tem Of An Ultra Thin Specimen Revealed Some Of The Ultrastructural Morphologic Features Seen In 1918 Influenza Virus Virions. The Prominent Surface Projections On The Virions Are Composed Of Either The Hemagglutinin, Or Neuraminidase Type Of Glycoproteins. Composed Of What Looked Like Dots Or Tubules, Was A Dense Envelope Known As A ?Capsid?, Which Surrounded Each Virion?S Nucleic Acid Constituents. What Is Influenza Also Called Flu?The Flu Is A Contagious Respiratory Illness Caused By Influenza Viruses. It Can Cause Mild To Severe Illness, And At Times Can Lead To Death. The Best Way To Prevent This Illness Is By Getting A Flu Vaccination Each Fall. Every Year In The United States, On Average: 5% To 20% Of The Population Gets The Flu; More Than 200,000 People Are Hospitalized From Flu Complications, And; About 36,000 People Die From Flu. Some People, Such As Older People, Young Children, And People With Certain Health Conditions, Are At High Risk For Serious Flu Complications. (Photo By BSIP/UIG Via Getty Images) Potret virus H1N1. (Foto: Getty Images)
Jakarta -

Seorang pasien suspek virus corona (COVID-19) di RSUP dr Kariadi Semarang dikabarkan meninggal pada Minggu (23/2). Menteri Kesehatan Terawan Agus Putranto memastikan pasien tersebut meninggal karena virus H1N1 bukan corona.

"Tetapi jelas hasilnya bukan Corona, negatif. Bukan COVID-19. Ketemunya H1N1 flu biasa, di-PCR 2 kali karena Corona negatif, dilakukan PCR berikutnya. Dan kalau H1N1 ada obatnya namanya Oseltamivir ada ketersediaan di Kemkes ada," kata Terawan usai Rapat Koordinasi tertutup di Kantor Kemenko PMK di Jalan Medan Merdeka Barat, Jakarta Pusat, (27/2/2020).

H1N1 adalah nama untuk virus influenza yang pada tahun 2009 lalu sempat mewabah menjadi pandemi di dunia. H1N1 kadang disebut juga sebagai virus flu babi karena pertama kali ditemukan pada babi.

Menurut Organisasi Kesehatan Dunia (WHO) seseorang bisa terinfeksi H1N1 bila berdekatan dengan pasien sakit lewat percikan liur. Gejalanya sama seperti penyakit flu lainnya yaitu demam, lemas, hilang nafsu makan, batuk-batuk, mual, muntah, hingga diare.

"H1N1 cenderung menimbulkan gejala berat pada lansia dan orang-orang yang sudah memiliki penyakit kronis lainnya," tulis WHO di situs resminya.

"Influenza H1N1 mirip seperti flu musiman namun memiliki karakteristik tingginya tingkat aktivitas pada musim panas di belahan utara, lebih mematikan di antara orang dewasa sehat, dan lebih mungkin untuk berkembang menjadi pneumonia," lanjut WHO.

Pasien suspek yang meninggal di RSUP dr Kariadi diketahui datang mengeluhkan sesak napas, batuk, dan demam. Dia sebelumnya melakukan perjalanan Spanyol-Dubai-Jakarta.



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